DOI link for Transforming Archaeology
Transforming Archaeology book
This chapter expands on the activist commitments to preservation-focused and community-based archaeologies and to knowledge creation, critical scrutiny and action. It considers the consequences that linking the extractive-consumptive paradigm to land modification regimes is having for archaeology itself the enemy that is people. Over the last half century, the drive to accumulate has accelerated with the rise of commercial consultant archaeological practice, variably referred to as cultural heritage management (CHM), archaeological resource management (ARM). Certainly in North America, ARM is the archaeology that the vast majority of professionals, students and the public experience day to day. Indeed, William Lipe's "A Conservation Model for American Archaeology" remains a vital conceptual and common-sense foundation for archaeological ethics and practice. ARM institutionalization has paved the way for unprecedented archaeological expansion and diversification. In other words, most ARM fails to model the conservation model. Too many ARM research designs are out of synch with regional and theoretical developments.