This chapter explores the relationship between education, learning, and activism within Myanmar by highlighting the connections between gender inequalities in formal education environments, which reflect broader social and cultural notions of gender, and responses from women's activist organizations. It focuses on the role of international actors and organizations which complicate this transitional context and can provoke resistance among activist movements attempting to construct contextualized responses to the priorities they themselves have identified for social development. The chapter presents the context of Myanmar's political and civil conflicts, followed by an outline of the implications of current processes of reform and political transition for women's equality activism. It highlights, through the case study of Pyo Let Han's organization, RAINFALL Gender Study Group, the opportunities and challenges for women's organizations in seeking to contest pervasive social inequalities. The chapter presents an overview and analysis of gender issues in the education system.