The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is by its very nature a unique organisation which has evolved continually since its formation in 1864 when the First Geneva Convention was signed by 12 nations in Geneva Switzerland and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was formed. The Movement has two central bodies, the ICRC and it continues today to be guardian of the Geneva Conventions and it monitors conflicts in over 80 global conflict zones at present. The challenges faced by the Movement with its complex structure of 192 independent entities are immense as the world considers the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to be a single organisation. Australian Red Cross is challenged by the breadth of its activities. The national human resources team of the organisation has a specific responsibility to manage paid staff and volunteers, to monitor the conditions under which they work, and to evaluate their performance on a regular basis.