This chapter outlines the context of Palestinian resistance, focuses on a number of instances played out against the background of Palestinian digital activism and offers a critical review of digital media as a site of contestation. It proposes three main areas of online politics – witnessing, documenting and protesting – and discusses all three in reference to other available literature about the internet in Palestine. Violent dispossession and military occupation meant that an important lifeline of Palestinian communication was broken. Digital technologies were a key tool for solidarity groups across the world during the 2009 Operation Cast Lead. As Athina Karatzogianni has argued, internet politics governed by decentralized networks allow for new forms of mobilization. The chapter focuses on digital technology and explains the broader context of Palestinian communications, outside of which Palestinian internet use cannot be fully understood. The development of digital media has been ground-breaking.