The chapters in this volume have provided detailed analysis on the Democratic Party (DP), the District Council elections, political cleavages, mainland-Hong Kong political interactions, constitutional repositioning, economic performance, urban planning, reform in the education and civil service systems, cultural trends, media politics, and so on. They have greatly enhanced our understanding of the major changes in these areas since the handover. Still, in this conclusion it will be useful to bring their findings together in order to provide a broader perspective in which to examine the development of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) as a whole.