The renewed focus in recent years on employee involvement committees in nonunion workplaces reflects the convergence of several trends that became acutely felt and widely reported in the early 1990s: the declining portion of the union-represented workforce; the ascendance of a Republican Congress eager to undermine the role of organized labor further; widespread worker dissatisfaction with traditionally hierarchical workplace structures; and American business’s realization that restructuring workplace relationships could increase productivity and profitability.