The current debate in academic and business circles in the United States over section 8(a)(2), the National Labor Relations Act’s ban on “dominated” labor organizations (company unions), the fact of dramatic union decline in the United States, and the post-NAFTA atmosphere in labor relations that features employer confidence, management aggressiveness against unions, an active search for a nonunion environment either through plant shutdowns or the encouragement of nonunion representation forms, has heightened business interest and renewed curiosity about company unions.