There is a degree of consensus among scholars of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Most of them, even bitter ideological foes, tend to view Zionism and Palestinian nationalism as independent and antagonistic historical forces; they see their antagonism as capable of explaining the events that occurred between the Mediterranean and the Jordan River during more than a century. Scholars often differ on issues such as the respective authenticity or morality of Zionism and Palestinian nationalism, yet most construct the two as state-centered movements, more or less unchanged by history.1 The teleology of the current meta-narrative is apparent: the clash between Zionism and Palestinian nationalism is the cause of the conflict, it is the conflict and it contributes to its exacerbation.