Penelope Edmonds and Jane Carey open the final part of this Handbook with their chapter on the history of settler colonialism in nineteenth-and early twentieth-century Australia. Violence and disavowal marked the beginnings of British rule after 1788. Yet, as the authors argue, stronger emphasis can be placed on the resistance of indigenous communities during the period of convict society’s transformation into settler society in the middle decades of the nineteenth century. This chapter also issues a call to historians of Australia and settler colonialism in general to recognise the profoundly gendered nature of what they call the ‘settler revolution’.