Scholars and critics have focused on the sociocultural issues of race, gender and ethnicity as the product of Judson dance. In the broadest terms Judson dance was a revolution against modern dance and ballet, as well as an attack on all the conventions of mainstream art and performance. Judson's dances were intentionally ephemeral. In fact, Judson's anti-modern dance crusade has succeeded to the extent that 'modern dance' as a category has mostly been superseded by 'contemporary dance', an eclectic mix based on many sources. One aim of the Judson and post-Judson followers was to reset the ways of thinking about dance, as well as to redefine the idea of dance itself. In America post-Judson dancers have brought their work into museums, galleries and the anti-gravity environments of aerial dance. The European dance scene absorbed Judson ideas from visiting artists, subsidized teaching residencies and commissioned works.