The surging inequality of income and wealth of recent years, and the skewed politics that have followed, create a challenging environment in which to achieve fair housing goals. It has been almost a cliché to say that race and class both matter, yet this is no doubt the case. Efforts to reduce concentrated poverty and wealth, as well as to create more balanced, inclusive communities and genuine open choice for all groups, are complementary and not contradictory goals. Restrictive zoning laws continue to constitute a structural impediment to realization of these goals. Eliminating these rules will lead directly to less segregated communities, reductions in concentrated poverty, and increased opportunities for upward mobility.