ABSTRACT

The existence of a transgender movement represents a challenge to ‘gendered’ well-being in the nature of gender itself (as also is argued in Chapter 10). Transgender is a recent term coined by trans people themselves in the beginning of 1990s to escape the psychiatric stigmatisation that collides with the term ‘transsexual’. According to Stryker (2006: 3) it is a term of choice, ‘for a wide range of phenomena that call attention to the fact that ‘gender’, as it is lived, embodied, experienced, performed, and encountered, is more complex and varied than can be accounted for by the currently dominant binary sex/gender ideology of Eurocentric modernity’.1 The transgender movements try, among other things, to launch this new understanding of gender and strive for more freedom in and more acceptance of the variety in gender identities and gender expressions. In this they contribute in signi¿cant ways to providing new spaces for individuals and improve well-being.