This chapter aims to address theoretical dimensions, the development of the discourse, and contemporary debates of the practices of community-based food production in cities of Southeast Asia. It discusses main prepositions of the discourse including the perception of community-based food production as the community commons, a co-investment project, a collective space, and a collection of household-scale food production that contributes to making an alternative food system. Starting with the emergence of socialist ideology and movements as an entry point of community-based food production, the chapter provides an analysis of the shift from the socialist foundation of this idea and its practices after being assimilated into capitalist conditions. Yves Cabannes categorizes urban agriculture into a typology of community-based food production. The chapter concludes with listing the challenges of community-based food production practices in Southeast Asia and by identifying possible bridges to connect civil society initiatives with local policy makers.