This chapter discusses the distinguishing characteristics of urban planning that were executed by the Japanese in Korea, one of Japan's colonies before it was defeated in the Second World War. It explores the dreams of the planners for the urban plan of Keijo and the residents' expectations for life in the new urban space. The chapter describes some background information on the establishment of modern urban planning in Japan. It explains the establishment of statutory urban planning in the Korean Peninsula. The chapter also discusses historical study of land readjustment projects because it includes many new facts. During the first stage of city planning in modern Japan, which occurred following the Meiji Restoration, the planners had two objectives. The distinguishing characteristics of urban planning may be better seen in a colony than they would be in Japan, and we may be able to gain glimpses of the distinguishing characteristics of colonial rule.