ABSTRACT

For centuries people have been on the move, the temporal and spatial extent of these movements varies considerably between people and the places that they inhabit. Movement from one location to another can be explained in terms of biological needs (Tuan 1977), whereby animals including human beings pause at a location because it satisfies certain biological needs (Tuan 1977: 138). The biological needs may be social, economic, spiritual or cultural by nature; however, if these needs are not met then the movement recommences. The movements can be attributed to seeking alternate sources of food, escaping inhospitable weather, moving to gain a new job or seeking life ‘re-creating’ experiences through tourism. This paper examines movement that is the result of being unable to meet biological needs such as the inability to access employment, safe shelter and food because of the effects of weather events. Bronen (2009) describes the two possible responses to weather related movements as climigration and migration. Climigration describes the forced permanent migration of communities due to climate change (Bronen 2009) and an inability to return to their home because their home is either under water or sinking, and migration describes the temporary relocation of individuals subsequent to a catastrophic weather event such as a cyclone.