This chapter presents a brief overview of the contemporary Chinese legislative regime related to women. It focuses on the laws and Chinese women in such domestic contexts, not at the workplace or other social and public settings. The violence against women is often viewed primarily as a social problem, and has not resulted in the recognition of this violence as a human rights abuse: Hom. The chapter describes the bigamy and marital matters mainly concern Chinese women's rights and equal status in family relationships, and their independence, personal dignity and the freedom of choice in modern society. Regarding marriage based on monogamy, the Marriage Law underwent major amendment in 2001 after 10 years deliberations. The amended Marriage Law reaffirms the principle of monogamy, and that husband and wife shall be faithful to and respect each other and family members shall help each other so as to maintain an equal, harmonious and civilised matrimonial and family relationship.