ABSTRACT

For hundreds of years Catalonia has been part of Spain. It is the part that borders France, on the Mediterranean. For at least as many years before that, Catalonia was an independent nation-state with a commanding presence at this strategic and commercial point in Southern Europe. Today, the geographical point on the Mediterranean seems less important. The strategic presence and commercial dimensions of power include other important things like access to technologies and to labour. But, in the strategic struggles for power today, hype and style have commanding significance. Barcelona is the centre of Catalonia and, among other things, it has a lot of style. Like warships, manpower and industrial might before it, style is a weapon in the struggle for sovereignty.