In this chapter I address the theme of our colloquium from the Armenian point of view. How do Armenian sources present the people and institutions that they call Byzantine? More particularly, what do Armenians have to say about Byzantium during that period when Constantinople itself had fallen under Latin rule, i.e. from 1204 to 1261? So in what follows I shall be concerned with texts written in the Armenian language. A general survey of Armenian sources is given in the Bibliography below, even if some of the texts are not cited in the notes to this chapter.