No one has done more to enlighten us about the history of the legal profession in the courts of the medieval church than the scholar in whose honor this volume is being published. James Brundage first studied the canonistic literature on the subject and explored the records of the ecclesiastical courts. Then, in a series of first-rate articles, he illuminated one aspect after another of the history of “the ecclesiastical bar” in England. In them he promised, and later he produced, a justly acclaimed book drawing together these various aspects and placing them in the larger context of European legal history.1