Sexualized war violence as a research field has been growing by the day, since the genocide in Rwanda in 1994 and the wars in the former Yugoslavia during the 1990s. Most of these studies focus exclusively on the experiences of female victims. There is a noticeable absence of thorough research on perpetrators of sexualized war violence. This leaves us with a grand narrative on sexualized war violence that is based only on the experiences of one category of affected individuals, where male victims are silenced and perpetrators largely ignored. This chapter addresses this gap and focuses on male victims, perpetrators and masculinity constructs at play in the direct perpetration of sexualized war violence. It examines court files from the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) where male sexual violence is among the addressed offences. The idealized perpetrator typology and the concept of a militarized masculinity provide a framework through which sexualized war violence can be better understood.