ABSTRACT

Africa’s health challenges are unlike those of any other region in many critical ways. Africans face the highest maternal, newborn, and child mortality rates in the world (World Health Organization [WHO] 2013g). HIV/AIDS affects more than half of the population in several countries. Of all the deaths from malaria in 2012, 90 per cent were in Africa, mostly among children under the age of five (WHO 2013h). Many people lack easy access to clean water and adequate sanitation. The limited health systems and health workers in Africa cannot cope with the burden. There are only 2.5 physicians, nine nurses and midwives, and fewer than one dentist or pharmacist per 10,000 people (WHO 2013g).