There is ample evidence that climate change affects human development, predominantly through the adverse effects of extreme weather and climate events on health (Costello et al. 2009; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] 1997; Oxfam 2008; United Nations Environment Programme [UNEP] 2008; World Health Organization [WHO] 1997; 2008a). The link between climate and health is clearly evident in developing regions, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa – the world’s poorest region and the region with the largest share of the world’s burden of disease. More recently, sub-Saharan Africa has witnessed increasing incidence of droughts, floods, coastal storms, and changes in biodiversity that have increased vulnerability to malnutrition and climate-sensitive diarrheal and infectious diseases (African Development Bank [AfDB], Asian Development Bank, United Kingdom Department for International Development et al. 2003; Gambia 2008).