In the last 30 years, the repatriation of Native American artefacts to their North America source communities has begun to reset the balance of power between Native American people and museums. In the wake of sharp criticism, museums and museum professionals are now motivated by respect for the sensibilities of contemporary aboriginal peoples (Ames 1992, Phillips and Berlo 1995, Miheshuah 1996, 2000, Riding In 2000, Clifford 2004). Simultaneously, a renewed anthropological interest in the role of objects in social processes has led to a theoretical approach which incorporates objects as actors in explanations of social events (Mauss 1950 (1990), Strathern 1988, 2004, Gell 1998, Latour 1993 (1991), Henare et al. 2007). In this mode, objects are seen to be doing things and are thus the rightful subject of anthropological inquiry. This chapter focuses on such an object, an Ojibwe1 medicine man’s water drum, or mitigwakik, caught up in a wrongful repatriation.