Images of dignity, sustained through smile, which in most cases was directed even to the trusted smuggled lens of Tōyō Miyatake. Jasmine Alinder has carried out ground-breaking research on the history and incarceration of Japanese Americans, focusing especially on the role of images. Certainly, images can still be used to support dignity or to create humiliation, but something seems to have become more complicated. During World War II, after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States government started a forced relocation of Japanese Americans to 'internment camps'. The use of new visual technologies unfolds in the context of intensified connections between different media. Currently, the photographic act 'is becoming more common and more commonplace'. New visual technologies are constitutive for these social formations. As John McGrath has noted, performativity is an essential part of surveillance, and hence, the discussion should not be reduced to the debate between crime control and privacy rights.