Is Cosmopolitan Anti-Patriotism a Virtue?
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Is Cosmopolitan Anti-Patriotism a Virtue? book
The concept of patriotism has a key role in the republican tradition, and this can be traced back at least to the era of the Roman Republic, and perhaps even earlier to the city-states of Greece. Patriotism is often criticized because it seems to conflict with the demands of a universalistic morality, that is, one which recognizes the equal status of all human beings. Habermas is, after all, well known as an advocate of 'constitutional patriotism', that is, of the principle that a citizen's political commitments, and more especially the commitment of German citizens. There is a consistent ambivalence in Habermas's advocacy of constitutional patriotism, which is often overlooked, even by Habermas himself. This chapter explains the Nationalism is part of a much more recent and rather different political program. The nationalist's commitment is to the nation to a certain form of community; it is to the state only insofar as it represents the nation, that is, to the nation-state.