The case of Greek in Cyprus merits investigation because of its association with either civic nationalist approaches or ethnic nationalist approaches to the identity of Greek Cypriots. This chapter focuses on the law courts, the civil service and the education system between 1960 and 1997 in order to investigate the promotion or relegation of Greek through language-planning strategies aimed at promoting either a Cypriot state identity or a Greek ethnic identity. Earlier and shorter versions of the chapter were presented at the King's College London Logos Conference in 2004 and at the Cyprus Academic Forum Conference in Lefkosia in 2005. Cyprus has been an independent, sovereign state since 1960. It has a population of approximately 700,000, of whom 80" are Greek Cypriots, 18" Turkish Cypriots, and 2" minority groups such as Armenians, Maronites and Roman Catholics.