ABSTRACT

Linguist Sue Wright has drawn a distinction between language planning in civic nations (which she calls state nations) and language planning in ethnic nations (which she calls nation states). Language planning in civic nations involves the promotion of the language of political and ecomomic supremacy as the language of communication.1,WUHƪHFWVWKHPDLQIHDWXUHVRIWKHFLYLFQDWLRQZKLFKDFFRUGLQJ to the political scientist Anthony Smith is a political community based on territory and is ‘subject to common laws and institutions’.2 On the other hand, language planning in ethnic nations, according to Wright, involves the promotion of the ethnoculturally-asssociated language that contributes to the formation and strengthening of national consciousness. Language planning KHUHWKXVUHƪHFWVWKHPDLQIHDWXUHVRIDQHWKQLFQDWLRQZKLFKDFFRUGLQJWR6PLWKLV a political community based on ancestry that places emphasis on the community’s ‘native culture’ and ‘common descent’, or rather its ‘presumed common descent’.3