New Science of Sacrifice
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New Science of Sacrifice book
This chapter retrieves Jonathan Edwards and Thomas Aquinas on original sin in the hope of serving contemporary Catholic Reformed dialogue. From Edwards it focuses on the greatest strengths of his The Great Christian Doctrine of Original Sin Defended: his demonstration that death is the punishment of original sin and his argument for Adams freedom in sinning by contrast to our lack of freedom. From Aquinas the chapter explores his account of human solidarity in Adam, including his view that descendants of Adam are justly punished for Adams sin because the voluntary character of that sin is preserved in human nature. The chapter examines his explanation of why Christ's redemptive work and our incorporation into Christ do not remove the consequences of original sin, despite removing the guilt of original sin. A final brief point regarding Edwards's theology of original sin: Edwards considers that Adams posterity was included in God's establishment with him, and the threatening denounced for his sin.