Enhanced Cooperation under the Lisbon Treaty
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Enhanced Cooperation under the Lisbon Treaty book
Put briefly, as Articles 20 and 326-34 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (TFEU) state, enhanced cooperation is regarded as a measure of last resort and applicable only if the Council establishes that certain objectives cannot be obtained within a reasonable period of time by the Union as a whole. At least nine Member States have to participate in the enhanced cooperation, which can only deal with policies within the framework of the Union’s non-exclusive competences. The enhanced cooperation is open to all Member States at any time. Acts adopted within the framework of enhanced cooperation do not become part of the general accession acquis.