ABSTRACT

Introduction The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) warns in its 2011 published Annual Report of an alarming trend towards more prejudices and discriminations against minorities in Europe. ECRI further argues that the social cohesion in European societies is threatened by rising unemployment rates and austerity politics: “migrants and some historical minorities are perceived as a burden to society. Old myths about yielding influence in the financial world are revived. The ‘multiculturalism model’ is questioned [. . .]. Racism and intolerance are on the rise in Europe today and the resulting tension sometimes leads to racist violence” (ECRI 2011: 7).