When police searched the caravan of two supposed bank robbers in early November 2011, one of unified Germany’s most mysterious criminal cases was suddenly “solved.” It turned out that, for most of the 2000s, Germany was the scene of a series of killings and at least two bomb attacks against immigrants that were committed by the self-declared Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund (National Socialist Underground, NSU), a core group of three East German activists who were well embedded in the networks of the extreme right. The crimes of the NSU came as a shock for the German public and sparked a debate on new forms of right-wing terrorism.