ABSTRACT

In France, when we speak of migrant integration-whether it be in political  language or in the language of the human sciences-we are most often speaking about insertion or institutional hospitality. In this optic, integration refers  to a set of economic, legal, and political procedures for managing immigrant  populations in which the national govenment plays the principal role. This kind  of integration is rooted in systems: social system, education system, or health  care system, for example. However, this form of integration, which we can call  top-down integration, is not all there is to integration.