ABSTRACT

This chapter explains the adjustment delusions that prevented recognition of Germany and helped precipitate World War I (WWI). The two faces of recognition are the need to find acceptance of one's own claims in the policy of others and willingness to abide the diplomatic claims of others in one's own foreign policy, thus never matured or became fixed in the German sense of statecraft. Power cycle theory incorporates the concept of recognition as essential to the establishment and maintenance of foreign policy role. The chapter first exposes the adjustment delusions that prevented recognition of Germany and helped precipitate WWI. In reaction to the intransigent role-deprivation, as German chancellor Bethmann Hollweg wrote in his Memoiren that A nation as large and capable as the German one cannot be restricted from free and peaceful development. Develop the concept of dynamic international political equilibrium and demonstrate what part recognition must play in the operation of that equilibrium.