The land occupation movement in Zimbabwe has obtained the first major land reform since the end of the Cold War. The land reform process has presented genuine intellectual challenges, raising fundamental analytical questions regarding peripheral capitalism, the state, and nationalism. The discussion for the foundation of the Indigenous Business Development Centre, a black business lobby aiming at a better deal against white capital, and it would soon turn its lobbying energy on affirmative action in the course of liberalization. The whole process of embourgeoisement, compradorization, and national unification was accompanied by a new political project to establish, by constitutional amendment, a one-party state, a dictatorship of the bourgeoisie stripped of democratic formalities. This would ultimately be defeated, by popular mobilization led by the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU). There is much to criticize in Zimbabwe's land reform process. The agrarian question is far from resolved in Zimbabwe, despite radical land reform.