This chapter describes whether children aged 4 to 5 years consider the understanding of the listener when retelling stories they have been told. Oral storytelling is a foundational cultural practice of sense-making and communication that many children are introduced to at an early age. The foundational work of Jean Piaget into children's communication and understanding of others provides a resonance ground for our discussion and investigation into children's narrating practices. The interest in whether children are responsive to the understanding of others when telling them something has, as we initially clarified, a long tradition in psychological and educational research. The chapter takes a sociocultural perspective on learning and communication. The transcribed data have been translated to English, with an attempt to mimic the nature of the participants' speech, rather than providing grammatically correct text. The empirical material comes from a larger corpus of data, which consist of 19 video recordings of storytelling activities.