This chapter examines the planning process as part of the teaching cycle. It provides the principles in planning for aspects of English in the National Curriculum. The chapter looks at planning in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). It also examines creating links across the curriculum and planning units of study. The chapter explores the planning individual literacy lessons and discrete aspects of English. It focuses on planning effectively for all aspects of English, including such aspects as vocabulary. Practitioners working in the early years need to use the EYFS framework and accompanying guidance to provide core provision and enhanced provision to match each child's individual learning journey. The EYFS guidance emphasises the primary role that communication and language experience plays as the starting point for children's successful language and literacy development. The EYFS emphasises the importance of planning within an ongoing cycle of observation and assessment.