One of Benita Parry's core contributions to Marxist scholarship in postcolonial studies is undoubtedly her robust defence of anti-colonial struggle and liberation theory. The notion that anti-colonial nationalisms are inherently reactionary, nativist, and elitist has gained the status of a foundational truth in postcolonial literary studies and related fields. The impact of the Bolshevik revolution and its aftermath is clearly discernable in this manifesto: the terms "national liberation," "imperialism," and "comrades" leap off the page in a decade that saw the global proliferation of Communist Parties and Communist-affiliated formations like the League Against Imperialism, bringing together a much wider group of anti-imperialists and nationalists. To check the extension of British imperialism which is the cradle of imperialism and capitalism of the world, it should be the sacred duty of every human being to fight the fight of China and India." In the global and highly differentiated system of capitalism, resistance will always be multi-faceted and "impure.".