This chapter describes the main tenets of its neoliberal experience, in order to then analyze the role that law;- specifically constitutional law;- had in the construction and perpetuation of this peculiar type of 'Privatopia'. Chile has long been considered one of the most stable constitutional regimes of Latin America. Indeed, ever since 1833, when a new Constitution contributed to provide political stability to the country for decades;- while most of the region is immersed in civil war or chaotic regimes led by charismatic leaders, the so-called 'caudillos';- Chile enjoyed political stability, legal order and economic progress. After decades of political stability, much of the Chilean left became radicalized by the impact of the Cuban Revolution in 1959, a process which led to political polarization. The Constitution of 1980 was meant to establish a radically new institutional order that would be the formal expression of the nation-building project that Augusto Pinochet's regime had implemented since 1975.