This chapter provides an overview of civil–military relations in different phases of political developments in Bangladesh since independence in 1971, with a focus on the post-2009 state of affairs highlighting the strategies of the government, state decisions, related processes and practices affecting those relations. Civil–military relations in the context of developing countries have special connotations owing to direct and indirect army interventions in politics or state affairs, as well as new dimensions of interactions since the post-Cold War globalization phase. Civil–military relations entail the relationship between the politico-societal sectors and the armed forces in matters of distribution of power, accomplishment of respective stakes and pledges, state decision process and security issues involving both internal and external dimensions. The civilian government subordinated the military to state authority and expected them to be apolitical, retain organizational conservatism and remain committed to professional responsibilities.