The chapters in this volume have examined the intersections between environmental justice and resilience in urban environments. Part I examines the theoretical challenges that have, to date, kept resilience studies from actively addressing the inequalities that perpetuate vulnerabilities in socio-ecological systems. The case studies in Part II serve to highlight various types of legacies that produce inequalities, including land tenure, racism, histories of disenfranchisement, and the concentration of power among local authorities and corporations. Finally, Part III – on governance and policy – explores various alternative practices that have emerged in the planning, development and policy arenas that can both help place justice at the forefront of proactive risk and climate change planning, and push toward a just resilience, one that allows us to foresee, prevent or alleviate injustices-in-waiting.