However, an aspect of these events that has hitherto lacked appreciation is the species of expert that evolved within this unique context. Developing atomic energy for civil purposes in post-war Britain quickly proved problematic, as the nascent enterprise lacked manpower, resources and nance. It also presented governments with the paradox of arranging national scienti c talents into structures which would preserve the freedom to research whilst maintaining rm
political control over their objectives. e main purpose of this chapter is therefore to analyse the role of the individuals who assumed such great in uence and to evaluate their e ectiveness within British political and scienti c processes. e ‘scientist-diplomat’, as he has recently been represented by Andrew Brown , is identi ed as an agent of interaction between Britain and foreign states.1 is type of expert, preponderantly an atomic physicist, has been widely discussed by scholars for his role in navigating governmental machinery to conduct international scienti c relations, particularly in relation to European organizations like CERN .2 is analysis, however, will expand this de nition by contending that the phenomenon had deeper roots within domestic organizational changes. In this sense ‘diplomacy’, de ned traditionally as interaction between foreign powers, is worthy of examination as an exchange between the two separate worlds of the scienti c and the political. is is a rich scholarly eld, as the vein of biographies currently being tapped clearly demonstrates; in addition to Brown’s study of James Chadwick , Sabine Lee has examined the correspondence of Rudolf Peierls , whilst Peter Hore has investigated the life of Patrick Blackett .3 Furthermore, characters such as Hans Bethe , Edward Teller and Robert Oppenheimer continue to fascinate American scholars, building a broad foundation of personal stories surrounding atomic physicists.