The study of philosophy provides many general benefits to members of any field or discipline, the easiest of which to defend are an appreciation of, and experience with, critical thinking. One would not expect a professional, except, perhaps, a professional ethicist, to have read all of that material, but it should be obvious that one must consult at least some of the philosophical literature if one expects to attain intergrity aspiration of the Code. Independence, therefore, cannot involve ignoring others, nor can it involve uncritically accepting direction from others. The inclusion of integrity and independence in the fourth principle of the Code commits one to aspire to consistency of behaviour as well as to the maintenance of autonomy. The fifth aspiration of the Code, the directive to advance the integrity and reputation of the profession, can easily be perceived as continuing the previous emphasis on integrity by expanding it to the entire profession.