ABSTRACT

In the eighteenth century, the authority of an intendant in this eld depended above all on the personality of the governor or the chief commander. If in most cases its role was predominant due to the distant control exerted by the major royal representative in the ordinary hierarchy, the importance of the intendant could always be limited by the presence of a dominant member of the aristocracy, like the duke of Aiguillon in Brittany, the duke-marshall of Richelieu in Guyenne or even more, the princes of Condé in Burgundy. e century of Enlightenment saw a widening in the functions of the intendants, from nancial, mainly scal, questions to a broader range of economic and social issues (such as the development of trade and manufacture, the improvement of routes of communication, the regulation of the market of agrarian products, mainly of grain, the ght against diseases, social assistance and the repression of mendicancy as well as the provision of public works).3