We celebrate and remember Ellen Terry as a great actress of the Victorian period, but we need also to ascribe to her records the promotion of early twentieth-century modernist theatre: she indeed nanced and supported the bold innovative enterprises of her son Edward Gordon Craig, e Purcell Operatic Society (1901-4) and of her daughter Edith Craig and the Pioneer Players (1911-25).2 Both enterprises, di erent as they were, paved the way for the modernist shi towards a director’s theatre in England.