The period of modernity in Russia at the beginning of the eighteenth century was marked by a renaissance in the spiritual sphere as well as by the development of industry in light of the results being achieved by the exact sciences. The institutionalization of experimental science in Russia was accompanied by the adoption of Western scientific terminology mostly originating from Latin. In the earliest scientific books translated into Russian, different Latin terms were widely used. Up until the mid-nineteenth century, Russian scientists corresponded with their colleagues in Latin, French, or German. However, the necessity for popularization of the natural sciences laid the basis for the design of a national scientific terminology. This was most commonly achieved through direct replication. Subsequently the Russian wordopyt was not only imported from the West but started to be used with the same meaning as the foreign analogue experiment.