This chapter focuses on one such example catalysed by the agrarian crisis in the rural labour market. It deals with the theoretical context and draws a profile of employment in the rural areas of India. The chapter delves on the concepts and data on rural non-farm sector (RNFS). It characterizes the differences in employment between regions that are suffering with agrarian distress and normal regions. The chapter provides a comparative analysis of the determinants of this structural shift in rural employment. It presents the description of the rural labour market in the context of the agrarian crisis. The chapter presents analysis of trends and patterns of rural employment. It makes an attempt to study the employment effect of the agrarian crisis in the rural economy. The multinomial logit model and marginal effects derived from the model also seem to support the argument that the RNFS in the distressed region is driven by push factor.