ABSTRACT

This book has addressed the pertinent issues surrounding the current (penal) regulation and social control of incivilities (disorder, nuisance, public order offences, quality of life crimes), their trends, criminological explanations, representations, political, spatial and cultural dimensions, as well as the underlying behaviour such regulation targets. Although some such offences may be harmful and legitimately proscribed (those have mostly already been criminalised in some way or another), some others represent only trivial and fleeting annoyance (a subjective feeling) to others or a simple violation of a rule, without causing any harm or objective setback to one’s interests. Preceding chapters have shown the several regulation types and measures that various European countries – so far largely underexamined or underrepresented in the English-language literature – employ to manage incivilities.