The Dutch are known for their frugality. They cut to the chase without bells and whistles, and the same mentality applies to the character of architecture journals in the Netherlands. The Bond van Nederlandse Architecten was renamed the 'Architectural Guild' in 1942 and was placed under the supervision of the Kultuurkamer formed by the occupying Germans. Opinions were divided following the financial crash of 1929 and found their expression in different journals. A statement from the editorial board, chaired by the largely unknown architect-engineer H. G. J. Schelling, followed. Schelling, in contrast, had made a name for himself as architect for the Dutch railways. After the war, the United States was the example for many Dutch people. Subsequently the direction of the journal barely changed, mainly because Mieras also joined the editorial board, as a representative of the Institute of Dutch Architects.