This chapter presents an overview of the food sovereignty movement as a response to inequality and injustice identified in the dominant contemporary global food system. It explores the implications for governance and exclusion that emerge from investigating food sovereignty with a social movements framework. Critical analysis of the contemporary dominant global food system often focuses on the economic arrangements that structure the system. The food sovereignty movement is today discussed as a relatively unified social movement, with an origin story, key organizational leaders and a consistent presence, both participating and protesting at major international fora. The seed sovereignty movement provides a specific example of the potential conflict that exists between the framing of the food sovereignty movement and contemporary political and material opportunities. The framing of the food sovereignty movement as being anti-neoliberal, anti-colonial, and self-deterministic has implications for how the movement relates to other AAMs, as well as to organizations and institutions that constitute the dominant global food system.