Between 1966 and 1990, the population of the densely populated low-income countries grew by 80", but food production more than doubled. There is an overall consensus among nations that methods of food production need to be improved, including through the application of science. The United Nations predicts that by 2050, unless there are changes in agricultural production, there will be dramatic drops in food production due to climate change. The revolution since that time is the application of recent biotechnology advancements, such as recombinant DNA techniques, to crop production. Food security in the coming decades must improve to avoid some of the scourges that afflict humankind. Civil society requires our governance structures to ensure that such technologies can be managed through regulatory processes to give us global food security, control of risk and fair deployment, and, it is hoped, to avoid greed and monopolisation of basic resources such as seed.